Winrm4j Client

Winrm4j parameters

Check org.apache.brooklyn.location.winrm.WinRmMachineLocation parameters available for WinRM.

  • host : Host to connect to (required).Default value null
  • port : WinRM port to use when connecting to the remote machine.
    If no port is specified then it defaults to a port depending on the winrm.useHttps flag.
  • winrm.useHttps : The parameter tells the machine sensors whether the WinRM port is over HTTPS. If the parameter is true then 5986 will be used as a WinRM port.
    Default value: false
  • retriesOfNetworkFailures : The parameter sets the number of retries for connection failures. If you use high value, consider taking care for the machine's network.
    Default value: 4
  • winrm.useNtlm : The parameter configures tells the machine sensors whether the WinRM port is over HTTPS. If the parameter is true then 5986 will be used as a WinRM port.
    Default value: true
  • winrm.computerName : Windows Computer Name to use for authentication.
    Default value: null
  • user : User to connect as
    Default value: null
  • password : Password to use to connect.
    Default value: null
  • waitWindowsToStart : By default Brooklyn will return the machine immediately after Brooklyn is able to WinRM. Sometimes restart could happen after a Windows VM is provisioned. This could be because of System Upgrade or other. By setting this config key to 60s, 5m or other X Duration of time Brooklyn will wait X amount of time for disconnect to occur. If connection failure occurs it will wait X amount of time for the machine to come up.
    Default value: null

If there are location config keys prefixed with brooklyn.winrm.config. prefix will be removed and it will be used to instantiate a org.apache.brooklyn.util.core.internal.winrm.WiRmTool implementation.

WinRM Connectivity Diagnostics

If you are experiencing problems with a Windows blueprint, with an error about failing to connect (or about an authorization conduit), try the following quick list:

  1. Apache Brooklyn is using correct username and password
  2. Apache Brooklyn can reach the IP of the provisioned machine. WinRM port 5985 or 5986 is also reachable from Apache Brooklyn.
  3. Check whether WinRmMachineLocation#getDefaultUserMetadataString(ConfigurationSupportInternal) is applied on the VM. This script should be passed to the cloud and executed in order to configure WinRM according to Apache Brooklyn requirements for authentication. So far Windows startup script are known to be supported on AWS EC2 and VCloud Director. If your cloud doesn't use this script then tune WinRM parameters accordingly.
  4. Check whether you use WinRM over HTTP or over HTTPS. If you are using WinRM over HTTP then make sure WinRM service on target VM has AllowUnencrypted = true (see below).

If the quick list above doesn't help then follow the steps below.

To speed up diagnosing the problem if you don't already have a static machine to target, we advise to trigger a deployment with the JcloudsLocation flag destroyOnFailure: false so you can check status of the provisioned machine or try later different WinRM parameters with a Apache Brooklyn BYON Location.

After you determine what is the username and the password you can proceed with next steps. (Notice that for cloud providers which use Auto Generated password will not be logged. For these cases use Java Debug to retrieve ot or provision a VM manually with the same parameters when using Apache Brooklyn to provision a jclouds location.)

The first step is to find what is the WinRM service configuration on the target host.

  1. If you have RDP access or KVM like access to the VM then check the WinRM service status with the command bellow. winrm get winrm/config/service If you are using HTTP you should have AllowUnencrypted to false. Encryption is supported only over HTTPS. Sample output:

     MaxConcurrentOperations = 4294967295
     MaxConcurrentOperationsPerUser = 1500
     EnumerationTimeoutms = 240000
     MaxConnections = 300
     MaxPacketRetrievalTimeSeconds = 120
     AllowUnencrypted = true
         Basic = false
         Kerberos = true
         Negotiate = true
         Certificate = false
         CredSSP = true
         CbtHardeningLevel = Relaxed
         HTTP = 5985
         HTTPS = 5986
     IPv4Filter = *
     IPv6Filter = *
     EnableCompatibilityHttpListener = false
     EnableCompatibilityHttpsListener = false
     AllowRemoteAccess = true

Use an Apache Brooklyn BYON blueprint to try easily other connection options.

    - winrm:
      user: Administrator
      password: pa55w0rd
      osFamily: windows
- type:
     checkRunning.command: echo checkRunning
     install.command: echo installCommand
  1. Check IP is reachable from Apache Brooklyn instance Check whether telnet 5985 makes successfully a socket.
  2. Check that WinRM works, before delving deep in to the client: Test-WSMan TARGET and/or winrs -r: -unencrypted -u:Administrator -p:pa55w0rd ipconfig; many of the tips below will fix underlying WinRM problems, not just Winrm4j. If the cloud provider doesn't support passing sysprep-specialize-script-cmd it may be necessary to modify the source Windows VM image to enable WinRM.
  3. Check your username and password. Notice in Windows passwords are case sensitive. Here is how it looks log from a wrong password:

     INFO: Authorization loop detected on Conduit "{}WinRmPort.http-conduit" on URL "" with realm "null"
     Oct 21, 2016 10:43:11 AM org.apache.cxf.phase.PhaseInterceptorChain doDefaultLogging
     WARNING: Interceptor for {}WinRmService#{}Create has thrown exception, unwinding now
     org.apache.cxf.interceptor.Fault: Could not send Message.
     at org.apache.cxf.interceptor.MessageSenderInterceptor$MessageSenderEndingInterceptor.handleMessage(
  4. Try ./User instead of User.

  5. Check whether you need to specify a different domain: this is possible from brooklyn.winrm.config.winrm.computerName location config.
  6. Ensure all Windows machines consider the other side a "trusted host". On a private subnet, it may be appropriate to run: Set-Item wsman:\localhost\client\trustedhosts * whereas in other environments you will need to specify the list of machines.
  7. Restart WinRM on both machines (some changes need a restart to take effect): Restart-Service WinRM
  8. If you want to configure Windows target host with HTTPS then check the article Configuring WINRM for HTTPS

In some cases the problems may be outwith the client, and it might be useful to look at Troubleshooting.

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