High Availability

Brooklyn will automatically run in HA mode if multiple Brooklyn instances are started pointing at the same persistence store. One Brooklyn node (e.g. the first one started) is elected as HA master: all write operations against Brooklyn entities, such as creating an application or invoking an effector, should be directed to the master.

Once one node is running as MASTER, other nodes start in either STANDBY or HOT_STANDBY mode:

  • In STANDBY mode, a Brooklyn instance will monitor the master and will be a candidate to become MASTER should the master fail. Standby nodes do not attempt to rebind until they are elected master, so the state of existing entities is not available at the standby node. However a standby server consumes very little resource until it is promoted.

  • In HOT_STANDBY mode, a Brooklyn instance will read and make available the live state of entities. Thus a hot-standby node is available as a read-only copy. As with the standby node, if a hot-standby node detects that the master fails, it will be a candidate for promotion to master.

  • In HOT_BACKUP mode, a Brooklyn instance will read and make available the live state of entities, as a read-only copy. However this node is not able to become master, so it can safely be used to test compatibility across different versions.

To explicitly specify what HA mode a node should be in, the following options are available for the config option highAvailabilityMode in org.apache.brooklyn.osgilauncher.cfg:

  • DISABLED: management node works in isolation; it will not cooperate with any other standby/master nodes in management plane
  • AUTO: will look for other management nodes, and will allocate itself as standby or master based on other nodes' states
  • MASTER: will startup as master; if there is already a master then fails immediately
  • STANDBY: will start up as lukewarm standby; if there is not already a master then fails immediately
  • HOT_STANDBY: will start up as hot standby; if there is not already a master then fails immediately
  • HOT_BACKUP: will start up as hot backup; this can be done even if there is not already a master; this node will not be a master

The REST API offers live detection and control of the HA mode, including setting priority to control which nodes will be promoted on master failure:

  • /server/ha/state: Returns the HA state of a management node (GET), or changes the state (POST)
  • /server/ha/states: Returns the HA states and detail for all nodes in a management plane
  • /server/ha/priority: Returns the HA node priority for MASTER failover (GET), or sets that priority (POST)

Note that when POSTing to a non-master server it is necessary to pass a Brooklyn-Allow-Non-Master-Access: true header. For example, the following cURL command could be used to change the state of a STANDBY node on localhost:8082 to HOT_STANDBY:

curl -v -X POST -d mode=HOT_STANDBY -H "Brooklyn-Allow-Non-Master-Access: true" http://localhost:8082/v1/server/ha/state

When running a single server, you can disable HA mode. You can recover from a failure by restarting the process or launching a replacement machine, pointing at the same persisted state. A single server running in HA mode will have the following differences in behaviour:

  • If you run Brooklyn and then kill it (e.g. kill -9 or turn off the VM), when you start Brooklyn again it will wait to confirm the previous server is really dead. It waits for 30 seconds after the old server's last heartbeat, by default.
  • The HA status shows all previous runs of the Brooklyn server (it gets a new node-id each time it restarts). This list will get longer and longer if you keep restarting Brooklyn, while pointing at the same persisted state, until you clear out terminated instances from the list (via the UI or the REST API).
  • The logging at startup can be quite different (e.g. in HA mode, "Brooklyn initialisation (part two) complete" can mean that the server has finished becoming the 'standby'. Care should be taken if searching or parsing the logs.

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